:: Volume 8, Issue 28 (Autumn 2017) ::
تاریخ فرهنگ و تمدن اسلامی 2017, 8(28): 39-56 Back to browse issues page
The Criterion for the Enjoyment of Ahl al-Bayt from the Results of the Conquests
Amir Abbas Mahdavifard *1, Ali Hassan Bagi2
1- Islamic Studies Department, Qom University , aa.mahdavifard@qom.ac.ir
2- Arak University; Lecture at Islamic Studies Department
Abstract:   (4018 Views)
After the demise of the holy Prophet (PBUH), conquests and wars which led to the opening of the gates of Iran, Byzantine Empire and Africa challenged Muslim thinkers and scholars to ask questions such as whether these conquests were legitimate. If they were illegitimate, what would be the criterion for the enjoyment of Ahl al-Bayt from these results? And can one distinguish between the lack of legitimacy of an action and its outcome? In this paper, we concluded that given the conditionality of the legitimacy of the primary jihad in Shiite jurisprudence by the permission of the Imam (AS) or the special vice of the Imam and the lack of the condition mentioned in the conquests, these wars were not legitimate. However, Ahl al-Bayt have benefited from the results of the conquests. The criterion for such an enjoyment was either the spoils or was based on the rule of obligation refereeing to the share of close relatives from khums.
Keywords: Conquests, Ahl al-Bayt, Spoils, Anfal, Close Relatives’ Share, the Rule of Obligation.
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Received: 2017/07/26 | Accepted: 2017/12/17 | Published: 2018/02/19

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Volume 8, Issue 28 (Autumn 2017) Back to browse issues page