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:: Volume 8, Issue 27 (Snmmer 2017) ::
تاریخ فرهنگ و تمدن اسلامی 2017, 8(27): 63-84 Back to browse issues page
A Comparative Study of the Legitimate Foundations of the Umayyads and the Abbasids (The First Era)
Hossein Ashrafi 1, Seyed Ahmad Reza Khezri 2
1- PhD of Islamic Sciences University of Islamic Sciences , h.ashrafi90@gmail.com
2- Professor University of Tehran
Abstract:   (233 Views)
The Umayyads and the Abbasids (the first Era) made many attempts to gain legitimacy. To this end, the Umayyads tried to put forward some fundamentals such as their attribution to Quraysh, Uthman's vengeance, Omar’s and Uthman’s representativeness, and the party spirit of the Arabs. The Abbasids posed some other fundamentals such as their attribution to Quraysh, Hussein’s (AS) vengeance, Abu Hashim’s representativeness and inheritance. In this way, they tried to convince the majority of the society to accept their caliphates. However, despite all these measures that they made to legitimize their caliphates, since their caliphates were not based on the religious doctrines, they never gained legitimacy. The fundamentals posed by these two groups in acquiring legitimacy have similarities and differences, which are studied in full and in an integrated and comparative way in this research. This paper, by implementing a descriptive-analytical method, examines the legitimacy fundamentals of the Umayyad and the Abbasid governments and compares their fundamentals with each other.
Keywords: Adaptation, Legitimacy Fundamentals, the Umayyads, the Abbasids.
Full-Text [PDF 306 kb]   (18 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2016/12/29 | Accepted: 2017/07/3 | Published: 2017/10/7
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Ashrafi H, Khezri S A R. A Comparative Study of the Legitimate Foundations of the Umayyads and the Abbasids (The First Era). تاریخ فرهنگ و تمدن اسلامی. 2017; 8 (27) :63-84
URL: http://tarikh.maaref.ac.ir/article-1-503-en.html
Volume 8, Issue 27 (Snmmer 2017) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی ـ پژوهشی تاریخ فرهنگ و تمدن اسلامی The History of Islamic Culture and Civilization A Quarterly Research Journal
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