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:: Volume 7, Issue 22 (Spring 2016) ::
تاریخ فرهنگ و تمدن اسلامی 2016, 7(22): 75-94 Back to browse issues page
The First Pahlavi Government (Reza Shah) and the Threatening of Religious Scholars
Foad Pour Aryan1, Reza Shabani2, Muhammad Hassan Raz Nahan1, Ali Asqar Rajabi *3
1- of Kharazmi University
2- of Shahid Beheshti University
3- Kharazmi University , aliasgharrajabi52@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4392 Views)

Confronting with religious scholars and limiting the scope of their actions and views and finally the removal of religious aspects from the politics and government and fighting with the religious manifestations and religious assemblies in society, have been the main purposes of the tyrant and secular empires in the political history of Iran. Reza Shah dealt with these issues more than the others. He became the King of Iran in the year 1333 AH and gradually tried to destroy or at least loosen the foundation of the clerics and Shia religion. Apart from his opposing actions and behaviors against the Shia religion and its main manifestations, his efforts in confining religious scholars need to be taken into consideration. After reviewing the deeds of the first Pahlavi (educational reforms, the establishment of customary courts and justice organization, etc.), research findings suggest that, Reza Shah was seeking to undermine Shia religion in Iran and to marginalize the religious scholars from the arenas of politics and society.

Keywords: Reza Shah, the First Pahlavi Government, Religious Scholars, Shia Religion.
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Received: 2015/07/16 | Accepted: 2015/12/30 | Published: 2016/12/6
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Pour Aryan F, Shabani R, Raz Nahan M H, Rajabi A A. The First Pahlavi Government (Reza Shah) and the Threatening of Religious Scholars. تاریخ فرهنگ و تمدن اسلامی. 2016; 7 (22) :75-94
URL: http://tarikh.maaref.ac.ir/article-1-151-en.html


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Volume 7, Issue 22 (Spring 2016) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی تاریخ فرهنگ و تمدن اسلامی The History of Islamic Culture and Civilization A Quarterly Research Journal
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