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:: Volume 6, Issue 19 (Snmmer 2015) ::
تاریخ فرهنگ و تمدن اسلامی 2015, 6(19): 73-98 Back to browse issues page
An Investigation in Eye Surgery Techniques from Ghafeqi’s Viewpoint Based on the Book “Almurshid fi Ttibb Al-Ain” (A Guide to Ophthalmology)
Sayyed Mahiar Shariatpanahi *
from Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Department of History and Civilization of Islamic Nations, Mashhad, Iran , mahyar.shariatpanahi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3356 Views)

Investigating the techniques used by Ghafeqi in incising, cutting, and cauterizing in the book Almorshid is the main subject of this research. Detailed description of Ghafeqi from every disease shows clear and distinct recognition of different eye diseases. In surgery with transverse incision technique in eyelid diseases i.e. cornea and conjunctiva, two flaying and non-flaying methods were adopted as basis of his work. In the cutting method, the techniques used by Ghafeqi include abrasion, picking up and rolling up (eyelid processing). The technique he used in cauterizing is based upon the shape of the cautery including cauterizing by needle-shaped (pointed) cautery and lens-shaped (flat-headed) cautery. Educational path of this book is commenced from theoretical medicine and after pathology he has dealt with practical (experimental) medicine in which detailed description of using appropriate tools and emphasis on observing all precautionary principles in all stages of treatment largely corresponds to the modern methods of this science.

Keywords: Ophthalmology, Surgery, Ghafeqi, Almurshid fi Ttibb Al-Ain, Incision, Cutting, Cauterizing.
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Received: 2014/07/12 | Accepted: 2015/01/21 | Published: 2017/03/12
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Shariatpanahi S M. An Investigation in Eye Surgery Techniques from Ghafeqi’s Viewpoint Based on the Book “Almurshid fi Ttibb Al-Ain” (A Guide to Ophthalmology). تاریخ فرهنگ و تمدن اسلامی. 2015; 6 (19) :73-98
URL: http://tarikh.maaref.ac.ir/article-1-274-en.html


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Volume 6, Issue 19 (Snmmer 2015) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی تاریخ فرهنگ و تمدن اسلامی The History of Islamic Culture and Civilization A Quarterly Research Journal
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