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:: Volume 8, Issue 29 (winter 2018) ::
تاریخ فرهنگ و تمدن اسلامی 2018, 8(29): 119-144 Back to browse issues page
Reflection of Fatalism and its Components in the Safavid Era Travelogues
Mohammad Hasan Raznahan1, Taghi Shirdel *2
1- , Kharazmi University
2- , History of Islamic Iran, Kharazmi University , tsmearaj25@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3151 Views)
Fatalism is a belief in the attitude and beliefs of the public maintaining that the destiny of the man is already predetermined and all the affairs occur on predetermined basis. In such a belief, there is no place for human will and choice. In fact, believers in destiny believe that all affairs in the individual's social life depend on the forces and metaphysical factors. In this article, we try to root out the components and examples of fatalism in the Safavid era travelogues including: fortune, good and bad periods, autocracy and sanctified airs of the king from the views of the travelogue writers. The research findings indicate that fatalism in the Safavid era had a special status among the Iranians and the Safavid kings (both in the community and in the field of politics). This factor has not been omitted from the viewpoints of travelogue writer such as Shardin, Tavernieh, Campfir, Pietro Delawale, Sanson and Krasinozky, and they referred to it and its related components in different parts of their works. They believe that fatalism has penetrated the culture and customs of the Iranians, and they consider it as one of the cultural and social obstacles to the development of the society in the Safavid era.
Keywords: Fatalism, Travelogue, the Safavid, Fortune, Autocracy.
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Received: 2017/04/16 | Accepted: 2017/10/31 | Published: 2018/04/10
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Raznahan M H, Shirdel T. Reflection of Fatalism and its Components in the Safavid Era Travelogues . تاریخ فرهنگ و تمدن اسلامی. 2018; 8 (29) :119-144
URL: http://tarikh.maaref.ac.ir/article-1-298-en.html


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Volume 8, Issue 29 (winter 2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی تاریخ فرهنگ و تمدن اسلامی The History of Islamic Culture and Civilization A Quarterly Research Journal
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