:: Volume 12, Issue 43 (Summer 2021) ::
تاریخ فرهنگ و تمدن اسلامی 2021, 12(43): 31-52 Back to browse issues page
Muslims' Encounter with Buddhism in the Era of Conquests and the First Centuries of Islam
Fahimeh Hamidi1, Amir Hossein Hatami *2
1- Master student of the history of Islamic Iran, Imam Khomeini International University
2- Assistant Professor of History, Imam Khomeini International University; Lecturer of Islamic Studies. , hatami@hum.ikiu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2348 Views)
One of the most important issues studied in the era of conquests and the first centuries of Islam in Iran was the situation of religious minorities and the type of confrontation of Muslims with them. By emphasizing the concept of "People of the Book", the Qur'an had specified the task of how Muslims deal with Jews, Christians, Saebis, and through the interpretation of this concept with Zoroastrians. But when Muslim conquerors reached the easternmost parts of Iran during the conquests, they encountered Buddhism. A religion that was less known to them and therefore it was not clear to them how and on what basis of jurisprudential rulings they should deal with Buddhists. Therefore, in the present study, an attempt is made to answer the main question of how and on what basis Muslims were able to regulate their relations with Buddhists. According to the research findings, the first Muslims considered Buddhism to be a pagan religion. Based on this view, they had violent and intolerant treatment with Buddhists. But then, the necessities of the emerging Muslim government in these areas changed their attitude towards Buddhism. Here, the same deal was done with the Buddhists as with the People of the Book.
Keywords: Buddhism, Islam, Age of Conquests, People of the Book.
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Received: 2020/09/15 | Accepted: 2021/01/20 | Published: 2021/09/6

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Volume 12, Issue 43 (Summer 2021) Back to browse issues page